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23 May 2017


Architectural design problems for security issue

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Now the most of the developed countries worried about the situation in today`s world. It is clear that if the world will be continued like this in future we will have serious problems, and correcting all of them will be unsolvable. For the solution, many options are offered, and sustainable development is one of the most efficient way to create bright future for mankind.

Sustainable development has global goals for creating better future. Getting better sustainable communities and cities related to architecture and social progress are one of them. If we drop into worldwide problems to community issue then we can look for how sustainable cities and communities should be created and what is important in terms of getting better results. Communication, connection and strong relationships between each other in one neighborhood are main issues for Social sustainability.

As we know Sustainable development divided into 3 part. Social sustainability is one of them which can be discussed in various spheres. According to Bramley et al Social sustainability helping to sustain communities and neighborhoods have got five dimensions. There are Interaction in the community, community participation, and sense of place, community stability and secure (crime).

Living in secure communities and feeling safe are always better. For getting this atmosphere we have to look for that how much strength, reliable relations should be existing between cities, neighborhoods, buildings and individuals. For security, everything has to be clear. For example, the connection between two cities should be accessible. If the roads are not meeting quality norms eg. Lightning this may cause serious hazards to pedestrians crossing it during the unlighted time of day. Cars will be real “death machine” for them. In addition distance between cities, towns and neighborhoods should not be too long, so people can easily meet with each other and socialize. Excessive fossil fuel consumption is also dangerous for our future as its affecting environment. All the transportation systems have to be designed properly, distances, troubles which are uncomfortable reasons for people to meet each other should be disappeared. These solutions are either sustainable and can decrease risks of crimes and insecurity.

For the urban scale buildings with blank elevations, are such places like creating problems for social interaction. While designing architects and urban planners should avoid blank elevations. Because of it, first of all, they are not esthetical and it creates a blind point in the site. For example, if we look at the project of Le Corbusier Plan Voisin in Paris (1922-1925) we can find easily some details. One of the critiques Le Corbusier`s Plan Voisin in Paris is blank elevations of high-rise residential buildings. Moreover, in the case of crime, no one can help to those who in danger because there was no connection between building and street, and community members. In this case, passers-by are in danger and here one of the rule of social sustainability broken. At the result, if people did not reclaim to each other it is obvious there will be no social develop.

Buildings, in terms of creating better social life are also important. But buildings such as shopping malls, schools, kindergartens are problematic. Because these buildings are mainly working certain time of the day. At nighttimes, these places seem like “abandoned places”. Security issue in “abandoned places” weaker. While urban designing these issues should be encountered.

Living in one neighborhood and knowing each other create strong connections. In small towns, communication is better than in big cities. As we know if people aware of their neighbors, at the result they accept what is wrong and what is true about them. So they decide who is their friends and who is not. It brings to a more secured community. The risk of crimes become diminish even if it is a small neighborhood or a town.

Big cities change easily. Habitats often move from one place to another. It is hard to become acquainted every individual who lives near you. It is clear if you do not know your neighbor you start to feel always in danger by some strangers.

In last decades relation among people decreased by technologies, building techniques and etc. For sustainable communities people need to believe, trust, appreciate each other. In this case role of designers, architects, and urban planners is not to be obstacles with their design solutions for the stable and sustainable neighborhood. Stable communities promise better future with a low amount of crime and feeling victimized.

Date
2017.03.09 / 12:12
Author
Aysel Karimli
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