20 April 2018

Factories as a shelter for refugees

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The World, especially Europe faces huge refugee problem that is waiting for its solution. Now millions of refugees need help. Basic human needs such as asylum, feeding, education, security, healthcare and so on are important factors for refugees.

In the last 2 years, Europe has experienced the greatest mass movement of people since the Second World War. More than 1 million refugees and migrants have arrived in the European Union, the large majority of them fleeing from war and terror in Syria and other troubled countries. The EU has agreed on a range of measures to deal with the crisis. These include trying to resolve the root causes of the crisis as well as greatly increasing aid to people in need of humanitarian assistance both inside and outside the EU. Steps are being taken to relocate asylum seekers already in the EU, resettle people in need from neighboring countries and return people who don’t qualify for asylum. The EU is improving security at borders with a new border and coast guard, tackling people smuggling and offering safe ways for people to legally enter the EU.

First of all, if we look at the route of refugees it is easy to see that they are coming from countries where the climate is temperate but the destinations are not always friendly. Of course, a shelter for refugees, migrants, and asylum seekers are temporary and must be cost-effective. The most spread one is tents. Despite they are not durable and are not able to protect refugees from unfriendly weather conditions.

Dozens asylum seekers were believed to had been killed by the conditions so far and thousands more remained at risk while sleeping on the streets or in tents and inadequate shelters, charities were warning. To date, dozens of asylum seeker deaths had been reported across Europe in relation to the cold since late last year.

For the solution, unuseful plants and factories can be good shelters, and even cost-effective to renovate them into livable place than to build a new building or put unsafe tents. In every country, of course, there is such kind of buildings that no more useful. Technological development made them just walls below the surface. But the well-designed approach and the support of governments may prevent the world to face with the death of other human beings for nothing but cold.

It is not an ideal option, but if we consider the issue of living temporarily in one place then it works. Turning industrial building into residential one need to construct partition inside building, to add heating system, and to provide with common wet spaces.

The example below shows the concept of how it can be approached within one ordinary factory.

2017.04.13 / 15:12
Aysel Karimli
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